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LET Reviewer: Social Science Part 7

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LET Reviewer: Social Science Part 7

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Social Science Part 7
1. The coastline of islands in the Philippines is twice that of the ________.
a. Africa
b. Caribbean Islands
c. United States
d. Europe

2. The highest mountain in the Philippines standing at 9,600 feet is _________.
a. Mt. Mayon
b. Mt. Apo
c. Mt. Pinatubo
d. Mt. Kanlaon

3. The longest river in the Philippines is _____________.
a. Pampanga River
b. Pasig River
c. Cagayan River
d. Iligan River

4. Intervening the dry and wet seasons in the Philippines are months from__________ known as the Philippine springtime, the most delightful season of the years.
a. November to February
b. April to June
c. June to August
d. January to March

5. The largest flower in the world is the one-foot diameter ______ which grows wild in the forests of Mindanao.
a. kamuning
b. banaba
c. kakawate
d. pungapung

6. Which of Bohol is reputed to be the smallest monkey in the world?
a. Zebronkey
b. Pilandut
c. Tarsius
d. Bubalus

7. Which is regarded as the Queen of the Philippine Orchids?
a. Liwayway
b. Tarhata
c. Waling-waling
d. Sampaguita

8. The Queen of Philippine fruits is the _________.
a. durian
b. lanzones
c. mango
d. macopa

9. The King of Jungle Fruits in the Philippines is the _________.
a. saging
b. dalandan
c. durian
d. duhat

10. The Philippine national flower is the _________.
a. ilang-ilang
b. sampaguita
c. tsampaka
d. walling-walling

11. The national tree and queen of the Philippine trees is the _________.
a. Kawayan
b. taguili
c. narra
d. molave

12. The Arabs, who where excellent geographers and navigators, perfected the ________ a navigation instrument to determine the altitude of stars and planets.
a. astrolable
b. compass
c. telescope
d. sunglass

13. Which is a Chinese-dominated former British colony Asian economic power which serves as a financial center and a major harbor for trade because of its strategic location?
a. Japan
b. Taiwan
c. Philippines
d. Singapore

14. Which one is an exemplary nation of tourism and a superpower of finances and gold?
a. Canada
b. Great Britain
c. France
d. Switzerland

15. About 85% of gigantic waves called tsunamis occur in the _________.
a. Pacific Ocean
b. China Sea
c. Atlantic Ocean
d. Indian Ocean

16. The Philippines lies on the _______ an area where many volcanoes are active.
a. rift valley
b. tectonic zone
c. ring of fire
d. epicenter

17. The continuous masses of land surrounded by big bodies of water on the earth's surface is known as __________.
a. peninsula
b. continents
c. archipelago
d. hemisphere

18. Of seven continents in the world, the largest is _______ and the smallest is ________
a. Africa :: Antartica
b. Asia :: Australia
c. North America :: South America
d. Europe : Oceania

19. The largest and second largest of the world's island are ________.
a. Greenland and New Guinea
b. Borneo and Madagascar
c. Baffin and Sumatra
d. Honshu and Great Britain

20. The fixed system of _________ time was developed in 1884 in order to follow new and faster methods of communication and travel.
a. analog
b. local
c. standard
d. digital

21. Due to similar birth and death rates, ________ has a zero rate of natural increase in population.
a. Philippines
b. United Kingdom
c. United States
d. Japan

22. Under which category does the Philippines fall?
a. Landlocked State
b. Island State
c. Coastal State
d. Archipelagic State

23. Which statement holds TRUE of the Philippines?
a. The Philippines is far from the equator
b. The Philippines is clear and below the equator
c. The Philippines is clear and above the equator
d. The Philippines is far below the equator

24. Environmentalists and linguists are in search of "Filipinizing" an unfamiliar term that came up during typhoon Yolanda. What is the term?
a. Tsunami
b. Storm signal
c. Field research
d. Storm surge

25. Nobel Prize Laureate Elinor Ostrom asserts a viable formula for getting people of various backgrounds to work together for the common good. This is known as the _________.
a. common goals/objectives
b. collective action
c. common pool resource
d. collective bargaining

26. In the United Nations conference on the Law of the Sea, which group stood together against the doctrine that the international seabed and their resource are the "common heritage of mankind?"
a. Developing countries
b. Developed countries
c. ASEAN
d. Afro-Asian

27. Geographers measure landforms by _______ or height above the surface of the ocean and by _______ from the ocean depth.
a. range :: width
b. height :: depth
c. elevation :: sea level
d. altitude :: longitude

28. Orographic _____ takes place when a moving mass of earth is forced to go up because of topographic barriers, (ranges, mountains, hill, etc.)
a. freezing
b. cooling
c. warming
d. heating

29. Glacier _________ are formed by deposit of continental glaciers.
a. plains
b. deposits
c. mass
d. peaks

30. The largest ocean which covers more than a third of the earth's surface is the _______ Ocean.
a. Indian
b. Atlantic
c. Pacific
d. Arctic

31. Which affects the validity of research results due to external events, e.g. popularity decline of a senator accused of illegal drug involvement?
a. Testing
b. Maturation
c. History
d. Statistical regression

32. If it rains, the ground gets wet. Today, the ground is wet. Therefore, it rained. Is this a correct thinking?
a. Yes, what else will make the ground wet if not rain itself.
b. Yes, because if it rains, the ground surely gets wet.
c. Yes, because the ground is wet today and so it must have rained yesterday.
d. No, because the ground may have been wet by something else other than rain.

33. Which is an example of an objective truth?
a. The earth is the center of the universe.
b. The earth is a sphere.
c. The earth is flat.
d. The earth will survive forever.

34. Is the validity of research results affected due to people continually changing e.g. getting older, more wealthy, etc.? Yes, because of ________?
a. experimental mortality
b. testing
c. selection biases
d. maturation

35. Is the validity of research results affected due to participants dropping out of the e.g. experimental or control group? Yes, because of _________?
a. history
b. instrumentation
c. experimental mortality
d. testing

36. Is the validity of research results affected due to what happens to people over time, e.g. participants in class achievement getting worse?
a. Testing
b. Statistical regression
c. History
d. Diffusion

37. Arrange the logical sequence of steps in constructing an index measurement e.g. to determine degrees in political activism:
I. Index analysis
II. Select items to measure variable
III. Examine relationship of indices
IV. Index validation
a. II, III, IV and I
b. I, II, II and IV
c. IV, III, II and I
d. III, IV, I and II

38. What pattern results from your data that show, e.g. how often child abuse committed in a region?
a. Processes
b. Frequencies
c. Magnitude
d. Consequences

39. What pattern results from you data that show e.g. levels of child abuse in community?
a. Processes
b. Frequencies
c. Magnitude
d. Consequences

40. What is part of instruction which gives due consideration to differences interests, abilities and needs of learning?
a. Remedial
b. Experimental
c. Adaptive
d. Experiential

41. Copernicus' book "de Revolutionibus" proposed the thesis that________.
a. the earth is the center of the universe
b. the earth revolves around the sun
c. the earth is round
d. the moon revolves around the earth

42. A modern city in North Africa is _________ .
a. Cape Town
b. Johannesburg
c. Cairo
d. Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan

43. Baghdad is to Iraq and ______ is in Syria.
a. Jordan
b. Turkey
c. Yemen
d. Damascus

44. The east-west _________ line encircles the earth and divides it into two equal parts or hemispheres.
a. longitude
b. equator
c. meridian
d. latitude

45. A narrow water connection between to large bodies of water is a _______.
a. strait
b. gulf
c. river
d. bay

46. Where is the Arctic Region found?
a. Euro-Asiatic Region
b. South Pole Region
c. North Pole Region
d. Antarctica

47. Know as the Land of the Aztecs was the _________.
a. Valley of Mexico
b. Yucatan Peninsula
c. California
d. South America

48. The great temple of the Khmer is located in ___________.
a. Indonesia
b. Chang Mai
c. Angkor
d. Java

49. The term New World applies to _________.
a. South America
b. North America
c. European Union
d. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

50. If the tarsiers are found in Bohol, the tamaraws are found in _________?
a. Mindoro
b. Davao
c. Cagayan
d. Palawan

51. Which is the Mindanao province that is known as the first seat of Islam in Philippines?
a. Zamboanga
b. Tawi-Tawi
c. Sulu
d. Basilan

52. Why is the Nile known as an "international" river?
a. It supplies water and productivity to Egypt and Sudan
b. It is the longest river in the world
c. It crosses eleven countries in Southeast Africa
d. Its waters flow into the Mediterranean Ocean

53. Prior to the Amazon River being recognized as the longest river in the world, which was known as the world's longest river artery in the world?
a. Cagayan river
b. Yangtze river
c. Yellow river
d. Nile river

54. William Shakespeare was from England, while Edgar Allan Poe was from __________.
a. United States
b. Great Britain
c. France
d. Ireland

55. What was the name of our islands as it first appeared in a rare map published in 1554 at Venice by Giovanni Battista Ramusio an Italian geographer?
a. Philippines
b. Filipinas
c. Philippines Islands
d. Philippine archipelago

26. In a land area of 115,707 square miles, the Philippines is almost as large as ________.
a. Italy
b. Spain
c. United States
d. Greece

57. In its land area of 115,707 square mile, the Philippines is twice as big as _________.
a. Italy
b. Britain
c. Greece
d. Germany

58. On a sunny day, what island i visible from Y'Ami, the northernmost isle of the Philippines?
a. Japan
b. Taiwan
c. Hong Kong
d. South Korea

59. Signed by 117 states in 1982,the__________ gave recognition to the Philippines along the archipelago principle that its islands and natural features are a single geographic unit.
a. UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea)
b. UN (United Nation)
c. SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)
d. ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)

60. The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea designated a _________ Exclusive Economic Zone of water around the Philippine archipelago for sovereign right to explore, conserve and manage natural resources of ocean, seabed and subsoil.
a. 1000-mile belt
b. 100-mile belt
c. 500-mile belt
d. 200-mile belt

61. In research, if I reason out from particular to general or broad patterns, I apply the ___________ method.
a. Deductive
b. Inductive
c. Ideographic
d. Nomethetic

62. What kind of study examines specific sub-populations, such as those who played a part in the EDSA revolt in order to understand how their attitudes have changed?
a. Longitudinal study
b. Trend study
c. Cohort study
d. Cross-sectional study

63. For John Dewey, what is the unifying element of the curriculum?
a. Reflective thinking
b. Course discipline
c. Experiential learning
d. Pedagogy in learning

64. Which of the following is an example of an issue which a sociologist would study?
a. Why is the rate of abortion rising?
b. How do police action influence crowd behavior?
c. What is the interaction between chemical and behavior?
d. Which political system is best?

65. In order to seek full contextual understanding of the actions of a selected group of individuals, what will you do?
I. Do ethnographic participants' observation
II. Conduct open-ended interviews
III. Administer a standardized test
a. I, II and III
b. I and II
c. II only
d. I only

66. What method is being used to have Special children become a part of the regular student activities?
a. Catalytic learning
b. Mainstreaming
c. Specialization
d. Alternative learning

67. What is used as the basis so that scientific theory can be empirical and not merely speculative or opinionated?
a. Evidence-base
b. Authority
c. Tradition
d. Logical reason

68. What kind of reasoning is done by arguing from particulars (e.g. Juan, Marie, Jaime, etc. speak Bisaya) to a general conclusion (e.g. Therefore many students in the class speak Bisaya)?
a. A priori
b. Deductive
c. Inductive
d. Logical

69. What is the fundamental basis for data gathered in the sciences of Sociology Biology and Physics?
a. Belief
b. Observation
c. Logic
d. Wisdom

70. What process will you use to represent a more certain avenue to the truth?
a. Generalization
b. Fallacy
c. Replication
d. Prior argument

71. An inquiry on a social phenomenon that does not use numbers is ___________ research.
a. descriptive
b. quantitative
c. experimental
d. analytical

72. Statistical analysis is done for various reasons but NOT for ________ .
a. complex formulas
b. simple averages
c. verbal descriptions
d. mathematical models

73. Of the following topics, which is closest to a subject for pure research?
a. Survey on a beauty product
b. Anthropological account of an ethnic community
c. Impact of an outreach project
d. Problems in a mental health institution

74. What wrong is committed by a researcher who installs a hidden camera in order to gather data on family friction between parents and children?
a. Protection from harm
b. Coercion
c. Informed consent
d. Right to privacy

75. What was violated by a researcher who administered lethal drugs to determine their effect on users?
a. Right to privacy
b. Protection from harm
c. Coercion
d. Informed consent

76. Under research design, what factor is useful so that choice of topic can fill the researcher with enthusiasm to pursue an inquiry amid obstacles until its final outcome?
a. Commitment
b. Interest
c. Dedication
d. Scientific attitude

77. Which step is undertaken when the researcher mulls over a chosen topic and purpose, thinking about aspect and dimensions of a chosen social issue?
a. Observation
b. Operationalization
c. Data processing
d. Population and sampling

78. There are many ways to conduct a research, but what is the stage of study when the researcher selects the appropriate way to gather evidence that can support analysis of data obtained?
a. Population sampling
b. Conceptualization
c. Operationalization
d. Choice of research method

79. When data gathered from survey, interview or other methods are interpreted,
this is the research stage for ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬_________.
a. sampling
b. operationalization
c. data processing
d. publication

80. Communicating the findings of a completed research to school, institution or sponsor of the study is the ___________ stage of research.
a. analysis
b. application
c. operationalization
d. publication

81. There are many dimensions or variables in considering social values that cause corruption in government, but which is NOT one of them?
a. Motives
b. Attitudes
c. Currencies
d. Lifestyle

82. Statistical analysis can be done in qualitative research but it is NOT applicable in ___________.
a. verbal description
b. simple averages
c. complex formulas
d. methodical models

83. Choose the logical sequence to operationalize selected stages of a study on drug addiction:
I. Observation and data gathering
II. Arrive at conclusion
III. Specify method to get data on variables
IV. Set testable hypothesis
V. Process and analy
a. IV, III, I, V and II
b. II, I, III, V and IV
c. V, III, I, II and IV
d. III, II, I, IV and V

84. Which system is applied for careful, deliberate and quantifiable observation of evidence in order to describe an object or event in terms of indicators?
a. Examination
b. Measurement
c. Construction
d. Introspection

85. What can be used to classify observations in terms of attributes, e.g. classify newspaper as pro-administration or pro-opposition?
a. Scaling
b. Indexing
c. Typology
d. Validating

86. The technique used in selecting large, representative sample of social research e.g. election poll ranking is known as _________.
a. probability sampling
b. non probability sampling
c. snowball sampling
d. quota sampling

87. Which is sampling technique in studying a sub-set of a large population that can show a meaningful result, e.g. by interviewing some people during a rally?
a. snowball sampling
b. Judgmental sampling
c. Quota sampling
d. Non probability sampling

88. Which sampling technique is used by selecting a few members of a target population, e.g. migrant workers you meet at the airport?
a. Judgmental sampling
b. Quota sampling
c. Snowball sampling
d. Probability sampling

89. What sampling technique helps determine the proportion of the population by use of a matrix and relative proportion for each cell, e.g. interviewing a few people who meet the characteristics of being non-religious?
a. Quota sampling
b. Purposive sampling
c. Probability sampling
d. Snowball sampling

90. What is the grouping of units composing a population into homogenous groups before sampling in order to achieve a greater degrees of representativeness?
a. Indexing
b. Scaling
c. Weighting
d. Stratification

91. How does a hypothesis support inquiry?
a. They refer to evidence already proven.
b. They restate the thesis question.
c. They are tentative answers to what is true of false.
d. They provide body of literature.

92. In order to protect participants on serious issues like use of drugs, researcher can adopt__________ of respondents.
a. custody
b. anonymity
c. open testimony
d. subpoena

93. For privileged communication, the researcher keeps _________ of respondents under secrecy or anonymity.
a. data
b. answers
c. names
d. evidences

94. Which was committed by a researcher who repackaged information for vested interest, e.g. mocked-up Tasaday cave dwellers?
a. Deception
b. Misuse of information
c. Break trust in confidentially
d. Violate anonymity

95. When social researchers "speak out" the truth on social issues, they perform the role of scientific _________ .
a. journalism
b. experts
c. writers
d. commentators

96. Which term is used for researchers predisposed to arriving at the same conclusion for a series of researches on the same topic?
a. Labeling
b. Time dimension
c. Reductionism
d. Echoing

97. Which did researcher Ana conduct on kinds of worship among similar Christian groups?
a. Trend
b. Cross-sectional
c. Cohort
d. Longitudinal

98. Which type of study and researcher Pete conduct on the popular use among millennial youths of Facebook accounts?
a. cohort
b. trend
c. longitudinal
d. cross-sectional

99. Inquiry on public sentiment for grays-lesbians from 1960's to 2000's is ___________ study.
a. trend
b. cross-sectional
c. longitudinal
d. cohort

100. Inquiry on legalization of marijuana getting data from the doctors, parents, teachers, churches, etc. is __________ research.
a. nomothetic
b. ideographic
c. non-spurious
d. complete causation

101. What is the unit studies about churches, colleges, agencies, army r navy?
a. Social interactions
b. Individuals
c. Social artifacts
d. Organizations

102. A researcher committed _________ fallacy by concluding that young voters due to their age voted for young candidates.
a. ecological
b. branding
c. time dimension
d. reductionist

103. Participants in a research should not be forced to reveal sensitive personal information, e.g. sexual behavior because they have the right to _________.
a. protection from harm
b. informed consent
c. coercion
d. privacy

104. Participants may be willing to be interviewed but there should the right of ________ need to be ensured by telling them the nature of a specific research.
a. non-coercion
b. informed consent
c. privacy
d. protection from harm

105. Participants not willing to be interviewed for a research should not be subjected to __________ such that they become reluctant respondents.
a. coercion
b. harm
c. ignorance
d. public disclosure

106. As a researcher, you employ the inductive approach? Which do you do?
a. Generate new theory emerging from the data and then test the validity the theory
b. Test the validity of the theory
c. Generate new theory emerging from the data
d. The validity of the theory then come up with conclusion

107. What is expected of the researcher in the Methods/Procedure part of the research?
I. Describes what s/he did, how s/he did it
II. Gives strategies, sample calculations
III. Describes tools and instruments
a. I, II and III
b. I and III
c. II and III
d. I and II

108. Why does a researcher do a literature review?
I. To survey the current state of knowledge in the area of inquiry
II. To identify key authors, articles, theories, and findings in the area of research
III. To identify gaps in knowledge in that research area
a. I and II
b. II and III
c. I, II and III
d. I, II and III

109. You should like to research an academic problems met by Indigenous Peoples' children in your school, which sampling will you use?
a. No sampling
b. Stratified sampling
c. Purposive sampling
d. Random sampling of all school children

110. Which statement/s on ethnography is/are TRUE?
I. Ethnography is a highly approach to the study of cultural systems.
II. Ethnography is the study of the socio-cultural contexts, processes, and meanings within cultural systems.
III. Ethnography is an open-ended emergent learning process, and not a rigid investigator controlled experiment.
a. I and III
b. I, II and III
c. I and II
d. II and III

111. Which statement/s on ethnography is/are TRUE?
I. Ethnography is a high flexible and creative process.
II. Ethnography is an interpretive, reflexive, and constructivist process.
III. Ethnography requires the daily
a. II and III
b. I and III
c. I and II
d. I, II and III

112. Which kind of data includes descriptive field notes, narration of informants, myths, stories, song and sagas as gathered by anthropologists?
I. Qualitative data
II. Quantitative data
III. Inferential data
a. II only
b. III only
c. I only
d. I, II and III

113. In my research, I use basic classical ethnographic field methods. Which ones do I use?
I. observations
II. asking questions
III. interpretation
IV. participant observation
a. I,II and III
b. II, III and IV
c. I, II, III and IV
d. I, III and IV

114. If a design for evaluating a Community Support Program is being evaluated for its, relevance, what is the most significant question to consider?
a. Does the range of information to be provided include all the important aspects of the program?
b. Does the information to be provided adequately serve the evaluation needs of the intended audiences?
c. Is the information to be provided timely enough to e of use to the audiences?
d. Does the intended evaluation strictly follow ethical principles?

115. How does one avoid bias when administering a teacher questionnaire to determine the pulse on a new performance evaluation system?
a. Give priority to those who volunteer to fill out the questionnaire.
b. Make sure the sample of what you'll measure is most likely to present varied opinions.
c. Select sample from those getting high performance ratings.
d. Exclude as respondents teachers who are 60 or over.

116. To insure reliability of an evaluation instrument , it is important to make sure that ___________ .
I. it is designed to get the information needed
II. there is only one way to interpret each item
III. stems with dual elements are eliminated
a. II and III
b. I and II
c. I only
d. I , II and III

117. If you conduct a phenomenological research, what key ingredients do you expect?
I. A research question driven by curiosity informs the design of a study.
II. Participants need to be interested in and committed to exploring their lived experience to generate good quality data.
III. An effective analytical framework which can increase the quality of the findings.
a. I and II
b. II and III
c. I and II
d. I, II and III

118. An experimental research might compare accident rates in those who text and drive versus those who do not text and drive. Which would be the independent variable?
a. The outcome ( accident or no accident)
b. The behavior of texting and driving
c. Gender of drivers who text and drive

119. Research Z conducted a correlational research on texting while driving and rate of accidents. Which is a possible finding?
a. Younger drivers have an increased rate of accidents while texting and driving.
b. Older drivers have less cell phones
c. Younger drivers are more techno savvy.
d. Accidents are caused by texting.

120. I like to find out if integrity of public officials has been improving. Which study will I conduct?
a. Cohort Study
b. Cross-sectional study
c. Trend study
d. Longitudinal study

1211. There are fundamental ideas that distinguish Social Science from other ways of explaining social events but _________ is NOT one of them .
a. data
b. theory
c. belief
d. analysis

122.Which comprises what the researcher wants to discover and the best way to do it?
a. Paradigm
b. Hypothesis
c. Methods
d. Research design

123. A social science teacher conduct a researcher on the best practices of teaching Araling Panlipunan in Grade 9. What kind of research does the teacher conduct?
a. Action Research
b. Applied Research
c. Basic Research
d. Field Research

124. A study conducted on the current state of Filipino youth involvement (Sebastian, 2014) revealed that 12 percent of the youth respondents are hyper disengaged. What does the result mean?
a. They participated in all community activities.
b. They have not participated in community activities.
c. They are active in selected activities.
d. They disregarded selected activities.

125. A study was conducted on how engaged the Filipino Youth are in the dimension of participation. Base on the data graph above, with activity
are they most engaged?
a. Online political
b. Offline political
c. Offline sociocivic
d. Online sociocivic

126. What is the lowest percentage of disengagement?
a. 82.0%
b. 70.50%
c. 80.50%
d. 72.5%

127. What is a deliberate deception used by advertisers when they say, "Join the thousand who have chosen to switch to the better network."
a. Bandwagon
b. Circular thinking
c. Falsehood or the Big Lie
d. Personal attack

128. Which can be considered a deliberate deception by a student who invents an excuse or reason, e.g., "I need to relax so I can spend more time posting Facebook photos than studying."?
a. Bandwagon
b. Rationalizing
c. Personal attach
d. Circular thinking

129. Which fallacy generalizes extreme perception about people, places and ideas (e.g. Englishmen have no sense of humor, etc. )?
a. Globalizing
b. Localizing
c. Stereotyping
d. Standardizing

130. A good research is one that can be repeated to obtain similar, if not, identical results. Which attribute of a research is explained?
a. Replicability
b. Parsimony
c. Precision
d. Falsifiability

131. Which is referred to as the cause variable?
a. Dependent variable
b. Moderator variable
c. Independent variable
d. Extraneous

132. In research, which variable do you manipulate?
a. Moderator
b. Independent
c. Dependent
d. Extraneous

133. Which is a short (about 100-500 word) summary of the entire research paper that includes goals and objectives, result, and conclusions?
a. Abstract
b. Synopsis
c. Conclusion
d. Precis

134. Which of the following can become an issue in qualitative research?
a. By-the book approach
b. Formulation of research design & data collection techniques
c. Generality
d. Gathering data that are based on facts

135. Which is arrived at by way of a thinking process that puts together several parts to form a complex whole?
a. meaning
b. relationship
c. synthesis
d. deduction

136. There is need to adopt ¬¬__________ sampling for research on academic problem encountered by indigenous children in a school.
a. stratified
b. purposive
c. random
d. trend

137. The appropriate participant in a research on needed outreach activities which the school can engage is the ___________ .
a. teacher
b. students
c. community
d. parents

138. Which data do anthropologists use in a descriptive inquiry on the cultural life of an ethnic community through data drawn from myths, stories, songs and experiences gathered through field study.
a. Unobtrusive
b. Quantitative
c. Documentary
d. Qualitative

139. Applying the conflict theory, what element induced Hispanic authorities during the colonial period not to teach native Filipinos the Spanish language?
a. Need to secure the dominant status of Spaniards over natives
b. Lack of adequate funding to support Spanish instruction.
c. Native were already pacified even without teaching them the language
d. Friars want evangelical teaching, not language teaching

140. You will study within the population issue of corruption of public official under the different regimes. Which study will you engage in?
a. Cross- sectional study
b. Trend study
c. Cohort study
d. Longitudinal study

141. You want to examine specific sub-populations, which as those who played part in the EDSA revolution with focus on how their attitudes have changed. Which study will you do?
a. Longitudinal study
b. Trend study
c. Cohort study
d. Cross-sectional study

142. For which of the following issues or concerns would a sociologist likely do an empirical inquiry?
a. Crowd behavior during rallies
b. Medical effect of contraceptives o health
c. Advantages and disadvantage of democracy as an ideology
d. Church doctrine behind Pope Francis wanting priests to forgive abortion sinners

143. What is the appropriate research method in a field study on a cultural group, e.g. way of life of Badjaos who have settled inland in Zamboanga province?
a. Documentary research
b. Open-ended interviews
c. Standardized survey
d. Ethnographic observation

144. Research leader Edna insisted that student researches appreciate the value of _________ data or evidence for scientific study above mere speculation or opinion.
a. authority
b. empirical
c. tradition
d. logical reasoning

145. Social theories can be arrived at based on __________ pattern of behavior.
a. diffused
b. separate
c. disparate
d. aggregate

146. What is simple way of explaining the concept of a social theory?
a. Explaining social realities
b. Says of looking at society
c. Guiding what societies do
d. Innovation society

147. What should the researcher do when he/she is not clear yet familiar with the subject?
a. Set assumptions
b. Explore the topic
c. Chronicle activities
d. Draw up hypothesis

148. What should the researcher do when he/she is clear about his subject and methods and is ready of the tasks of research?
a. Chronicle activities
b. Explore the topic
c. Set assumptions
d. Draw up hypothesis

149. To further clarify the subject, what can be done to ensure that it does not overlap with irrelevant matters?
a. Perform pilot testing
b. Formulate a hypothesis
c. Consult experts
d. Set limitations and delimitations

150. How can assumptions support your inquiry?
a. They assume you are right.
b. They are accepted as true without proof.
c. They make your inquiry scientific.
d. They are prepared by mentors.

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