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LET Reviewer: Agriculture and Fishery Arts Major Part 8
Agriculture and Fishery Arts Part 8
101. The phenotypic traits of an animal is a product of the interactions between environment and ___________________.
102. Causes the average superiority of the crossbreds, _____________________.
103. The process in which certain individuals in a population are preferred to others for the production of the next generation, ___________________.
104. A group of animals which have common origin and common characteristics, ____________________.
105. The first buffaloes produced through in vitro maturation in the Philippines, ___________________________________.
106. The administration of hormone to a group of female mammals causing them to come into heat at or at the same time, _________________________.
107. The basic unit of inheritance is known as ____________.
108. Responsible in the generation of energy in the form of ATP, ____________.
109. Also known as the male gamete, ______________.
110. The genetic make up of an animal or individual, _________________.
111. The chromosomes of the male individual, ____________.
112. Site in the cell where the synthesis of carbohydrates is undertaken, _____________.
113. Letter representation for haploid, __________.
114. The crossing of single pair of genes for two different traits is called ______________.
115. What do you call the system of mating used between mating of mother and son, ___________.
116. The law stating that living organisms come from other organisms, _________________.
117. The process of gamete formation in mature male, _________________.
118. What do you call the sex cell division in male animals, _______________.
119. A technology where the semen is introduced to the female genitalia by the use of an instrument, _________________.
120. The scientist who started the idea of genetics, ______________.
121. The character or trait that failed to be expressed or it is hidden, ________________.
122. Another name for the animals with compound stomach, ________________.
123. What do you call the carbohydrate found in the milk, _______________.
124. The condition where there is Vitamin A deficiency, _______________.
125. Aids in the absorption & retention of Vitamin E, ____________.
126. What do you call the feed offered daily to the animal, ________________.
127. Another term for Vitamin B1, _______________________________.
128. Responsible in increasing the hardness of bones and teeth, ___________________.
129. The mineral content of the egg shell, __________________.
130. Cheapest and most abundant nutrient, _______________________.
131. Responsible for the yellow color of cow’s milk, ____________________.
132. Symptom for Vitamin E deficiency, _____________________.
133. Union of egg cell and sperm cell, ______________________.
134. Breeding of two different breeds of animal, ________________.
135. What does DNA stands for, _____________________________________.
136. Grouping of chromosomes based on similarity of their morphology is known as _______________.
137. Control and regulate the functions (on/off) of other genes, __________________.
138. It is the crossing of offspring to either with parental genotypes, ____________________.
139. The phenotypic traits of an animal is a product of the interactions between environment and ___________________.
140. Causes the average superiority of the crossbreds, _____________________.
141. The process in which certain individuals in a population are preferred to others for the production of the next generation, ___________________.
142. A group of animals which have common origin and common characteristics, ____________________.
143. The first buffaloes produced through in vitro maturation in the Philippines, ___________________________________.
144. The administration of hormone to a group of female mammals causing them to come into heat at or at the same time, _________________________.
145. Beneficial bacterial species, ______________________.
146. Protects the fats, oil and other fat soluble vitamins from oxidation, ______________________.
147. Feeds containing high fiber but low Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN), _____________________.
148. Avoids bleeding disease, ________________________.
149. The protein part of hair, horn and wool, ________________________.
150. Chemical structure of carbohydrates, _____________________________.
151. The energy from fat is how many times higher than the energy coming from carbohydrate ______________________.
152. Another name for Vitamin H, _______________.
153. Used against diabetes, ____________________.
154. Change in the genetic code due to natural or artificial means, _________________.
155. Sign for female animal or individual, _________________.
156. Used in coagulating milk to produce cheese, __________________.
157. Self-feeding or allowing cattle to consume feed on a free-choice basis, _____________.
158. Microorganisms that require free oxygen to biodegrade organic matter, ________________.
159. Microorganisms that biodegrade organic matter without free oxygen, _________________.
160. The technique of placing semen from the male in the reproductive tract of the female by means other than natural service, ____________________.
161. Kilograms of live weight gained per day, _________________________.
162. The mating of a two-breed crossbred offspring back to one of its parental breeds. Example: A Hereford-Angus cross cow bred back to an Angus bull. _______________________.
163. Meat from cattle (bovine species) other than calves, ____________. Meat from calves is called ____________.
164. The weight of a calf taken within 24 hours after birth, __________________.
165. Cattle adapted in warm or tropical areas, ________________.
166. Cattle adapted in temperate areas, _________________.
167. Refers to a general family grouping of cattle, _________________.
168. Cattle of common origin and having characteristics that distinguish them from other groups within the same species, _____________.
169. An intact (i.e., not castrated) adult male cattle, ________________.
170. Young bull, typically less than 20 months of age, _______________.
171. Young cattle of both sexes, _________________.
172. The number or percentage of calves produced within a herd in a given year relative to the number of cows and heifers exposed to breeding, __________________.
173. The number or percentage of calves produced within a herd in a given year relative to the number of calves weaned over number of cows and heifers bred, ___________________.
174. Product of considerably less value than the major product. For example, the hide and offal are byproducts while beef is the major product, _____________________.
175. Abnormal size or presentation fetus causing difficulty in delivering it, _________________.
176. Techniques of measuring components of quality and quantity in carcasses of cattle, __________________.
177. Desirability of a carcass relative to quantity of components (muscle, fat, and bone), plus potential eating qualities, _______________________.
178. Long DNA molecules on which genes (the basic genetic codes) are located, _______________.
179. Domestic cattle have ______ pairs of chromosomes.
180. Feed that is high in energy, low in fiber content, and highly digestible, ________________.
181. The fertilization of the ovum (egg), ___________________.
182. An adult female that has had a calf, __________.
183. Management unit that maintains a breeding herd and produces weaned calves, _________________________.
184. The mating of animals of different breeds (or species), _________________.
185. The process of eliminating less productive or less desirable cattle from a herd, ______________.
186. An estimate of the percentage of salable meat (muscle) from a carcass versus percentage of waste fat, _________________.
187. General term for female parent, ___________.
188. The biochemical reduction of nitrate or nitrite to gaseous nitrogen, either as molecular nitrogen or as an oxide of nitrogen, __________________.
189. All external (nongenetic) conditions that influence the reproduction, production, and carcass merit of cattle, ___________________.
190. A fertilized ovum (egg) in the earlier stages of prenatal development usually prior to development of body parts, _________________.
191. Removing fertilized ova (embryos) from one cow (donor dam) and placing these embryos into other cows (host cows), usually accompanied by hormone-induced superovulation of the donor dam, __________________.
192. An estimate of an individual's true breeding value for a trait based on the performance of the individual and close relatives for the trait, _________________________.
193. The recurrent, restricted period of sexual receptivity in cows and heifers, _________________.
194. Offspring resulting from the mating of a purebred (straightbred) bull to purebred (straightbred) females of another breed., _____________.
195. Units of feed consumed per unit of weight gained. Also the production (meat, milk) per unit of feed consumed, _______________.
196. Cattle that need further feeding prior to slaughter, ______________.
197. Enterprise in which cattle are fed grain and other concentrates for usually 90-120 days, ______________.
198. Fed cattle whose time in the feedlot is completed and are now ready for slaughter, __________________.
199. Feedstuffs composed primarily of the whole plant, including stems and leaves that are utilized by cattle, ________________.
200. Female born twin to a bull calf (approximately 9 out of 10 will not conceive), _____________.
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